Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Referencing Style Guide: Personal communication

Personal Communication - Reference LIst

Note: Personal communication is usually unpublished information retrieved from letters, email, personal interviews, or telephone conversations. It is only cited in-text and not in the reference list in the format provided below. We recommend using sparingly and only with good reason because it does not provide recoverable data.

Personal Communication - In-Text Citation

D. McNally (personal communication, April 18, 2016) advised that …
… to avoid ethical quandaries (D. McNally, personal communication, April 18, 2016).

 

       undefined