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Referencing Style Guide: Contract cheating and plagiarism

Contract cheating

Contract cheating is a serious form of academic dishonesty and is classed as collusion. It consists of what are known as outsourcing behaviours. Contract cheating occurs when one person completes academic work (e.g., assignment, exam, paper, test, quiz, exam) for another who then submits it for academic credit. It extends to essay mills, homework completion services and impersonators for exams and even course work. This behaviour undermines the quality and integrity of your course qualification, and it undermines the entire educational system. The risks associated with contract cheating are not worth it and are much worse than failing an assignment.  Say NO to contract cheating

Why is referencing important?

Referencing is an important part of any academic course. It ensures that your lecturer is able to assess the quality of your resources. It also gives credit to the original author for the work they have done. There are two parts to referencing; in text referencing and the reference list. In text referencing occurs within the body of your work whenever you have directly quoted from, or used ideas from (paraphrased), another work. The reference list comes at the end of the work and lists all references used in alphabetical order.


To use the work of another author without correct referencing is called plagiarism. ACPE uses the American Psychological Association referencing style known as APA, for all academic works. Find out more in the ACPE Style and Referencing Guidelines - APA 7th edition for the Presentation of Academic Works. 

If you need support with referencing or academic writing please contact the Student Learning Services at 

If you need help understanding and upholding academic integrity and avoiding academic misconduct, contact the Academic Integrity Officer at

Student learning Services have also developed two academic integrity modules available in the LMS, one of which is compulsory.

Library staff are also available to help with referencing support. 

The Feed: 10/11/15 SBS 2 November 10, 2015, 7:30 pm. A special investigation episode into academic fraud in Australian universities.


Websites on contract cheating and academic integrity. Contract cheating activity, if left unchecked, poses a significant threat to the integrity and reputation of Australia's higher education sector both domestically and internationally.


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