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Peer Reviewed Journal Articles
Your lecturer may ask you to include peer reviewed or scholarly articles in your assignments. What does this mean? Watch the clip "what is a peer reviewed article and scholarly research" below.
A scholarly article is one that has undergone the peer review process. This means that a number of highly regarded professionals (peers) have read and approved the content of the article. The process ensures the information included in the article is of a high quality. Always tick the peer reviewed box when searching for articles in databases.
Before you read the information....
Whatever the source of your information, whether online or print, it is possible to evaluate it even before fully reading it. This can save valuable research time.
In your initial appraisal, consider...
Currency (date of publication)
Edition or revision
CRAAP test - evaluating information
What is a peer reviewed article and scholarly research?
Why do I need to evaluate information?
Finding information on the topic of your assignment is only the first step. You also need to have a close look at the information to decide whether you are going to use it. Just because you have found a journal article on your assignment topic, doesn't necessarily mean that it is relevant to the question your lecturer is asking.
Digital literacy - 6 videos on fake news to helps you spot fake news and understand its risks by analysing examples of hoaxes, scams, sensationalism, spin, satire, and clickbait.
Discussions about fake news has led to a new focus on media literacy and critical thinking is a key skill in media and information literacy. The International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) has made the infographic below with eight simple steps to discover the verifiability of a given news-piece in front of you
Reviewing the resource - Quick Tip
If your source is a PDF, html or eBook file, try Ctrl+f / Command+f to look for your search term in the text to see how much coverage there is.
The C.R.A.A.P. (Currency. Relevance. Authority, Accuracy, Purpose) test
Sarah Blakeslee of the University of California at Chico's Meriam Library developed the standard as a way for students and teachers to evaluate sources with a skeptical eye. The tool is especially helpful when conducting research on the internet, where unsubstantiated blog posts show up in a Google search beside peer-reviewed studies.
Evaluating Websites (Wayne State University Libraries)
In this video you'll learn the 5 criteria for evaluating websites: Accuracy, Authority, Objectivity, Coverage, and Currency
FactCheck YouTube clip explains how "The Conversation" builds in extra checks and balances, such as a blind peer review by academic experts to check for misinformation and fake news.
Interactive: Source Checker
Test your ability to discern between reliable and unreliable sources of information and come to conclusions about the currency and accuracy of information presented and the purpose of the written piece.
Research Ready - website evaluator
Use this website evaluation tool to help you check the validity of a website. Simply copy the URL of the website and follow the prompts.
RMIT ABC Fact Check
Fact Check is an agenda-free zone; it fearlessly follows the facts no matter where they lead. It is funded jointly by RMIT University and the ABC. The ABC is a publicly funded, independent media organisation, and therefore RMIT ABC Fact Check is accountable to the Australian Parliament.
Web Literacy for Student Fact-Checkers
The web is both a propaganda machine and a fact-checking tool. This eBook is a practical guide for the student fact-checker.