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Guide to Finding Resources: Referencing

The information in this guide supports the information literacy program offered by the library.

Why is referencing important?

Referencing is an important part of any academic course. It ensures that your lecturer is able to assess the quality of your resources. It also gives credit to the original author for the work they have done. There are two parts to referencing; in text referencing and the reference list. In text referencing occurs within the body of your work whenever you have directly quoted from, or used ideas from (paraphrased), another work. The reference list comes at the end of the work and lists all references used in alphabetical order.

Contract cheating

Contract cheating is a serious form of academic dishonesty and is classed as collusion. It consists of what are known as outsourcing behaviours. Contract cheating occurs when one person completes academic work (e.g., assignment, exam, paper, test, quiz, exam) for another who then submits it for academic credit. It extends to essay mills, homework completion services and impersonators for exams and even course work. This behaviour undermines the quality and integrity of your course qualification, and it undermines the entire educational system. Say NO to contract cheating.


Websites on contract cheating and academic integrity.


Dishonest plagiarism

To use the work of another author without correct referencing is called plagiarism.

ACPE uses the American Psychological Association referencing style known as APA, for all academic works.

Find out more in the ACPE Style Guide for the Presentation of Academic Works.

If you need support with referencing and/or academic writing please contact the Student Learning Services at 

If you need help understanding and upholding academic integrity and avoiding academic misconduct, contact the Academic Integrity Officer at

Student learning Services have also developed two academic integrity modules available in the LMS -  a generic and a compulsory one.

Unintentional plagiarism

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Fair Use

Fair Use - The 10 per cent rule
Can I copy 10 per cent of a work without infringing copyright?... In the case of fair dealing copying for the purposes of research or study the Copyright Act specifically provides that it is a fair dealing:
• to make a single copy (all or part) of a journal article in a periodical publication,
• to make a single copy (all or part) of multiple journal articles from the same periodical publication, providing they are for the same piece of research or coursework
• to copy up to one chapter or 10% of the number of pages of a published work more than 10 pages long, or
• to copy up to one chapter or 10% of the number of words of a work published electronically.

What is Copyright?

"Copyright is a form of intellectual property that protects the original expression of ideas. It enables creators to manage how their content is used." Copyright Agency